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《Occupation and Health》 2012-04
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Awareness rate of knowledge about chronic diseases and formation rate of health behaviors among residents in Pingdingshan city

MA Hong-mei,CUI Xi-min,TIAN Yan-bing Institute of Health Education and Chronic Diseases Control,Pingdingshan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Henan,467000,China  
[Objective]To investigate the awareness rate of control knowledge about chronic non-communicable diseases(chronic diseases) and formation rate of some health behaviors among urban and rural residents in Pingdingshan city,provide the basis for related behavior intervention.[Methods]Using random sampling,1 000 urban and rural residents aged 15-69 years old were collected,and the questionnaire about awareness rate of chronic disease knowledge and formation rate of health behaviors was conducted.[Results]Among 995 people,the total awareness rate of 10 items of knowledge about chronic diseases was 68.44%,and that of urban and rural residents was 73.24% and 63.73% respectively.The total formation rate of 8 health behaviors was 44.02%,and that of urban and rural residents was 46.36% and 41.72% respectively.[Conclusion]There is significant difference in awareness rate of control knowledge about chronic diseases between urban and rural residents,and the difference in formation rate is not significant.Therefore,the measures in health education and health promotion of chronic diseases should be adopted according to different areas and population.Among knowledge,beliefs and behavior of chronic diseases control,the formation of beliefs and health behaviors may play a more important role.
【CateGory Index】: R193
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