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《Occupation and Health》 2012-04
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Public health problems of schools in Xi'an city and suggestions

WANG Wen-yan,WANG Cheng-wei,MEI Yu-feng,YANG Fu-jian,WANG Zhong-qiong Department of School Health Supervision,Xi'an Institute of Health Inspection,Shaanxi,710054,China  
[Objective]To understand the health conditions of all types of schools at all levels in Xi'an city,find out the existing public health problems,further strengthen the school health supervision,and prevent all kinds of public health emergencies.[Methods]Xi'an institute of health inspection chose all types of schools at all levels from 13 counties/cities of Xi'an city as the object.By using the informal discussion,consulting data,field investigation and questionnaire,the public health management which included infectious diseases prevention and control in schools,drinking water and dormitory were studied in 2010 and 2011.[Results]The institutions and staff of infectious disease prevention and control in 2011 increased as compared with those in 2010,and the difference was significant(χ2=4.770,P0.05).The implementation of infectious disease management system in primary and secondary schools was significantly better than that in general colleges and universities.In schools with self-built water supply facilities,the holding rate of certificate,and the rate of asking for certificates of disinfection products and products related to drinking water were low.The per capita area of students' apartment basically met the standard.[Conclusion]The infectious disease prevention and control in schools has been strengthened obviously,but there is a lack of health professionals(health teachers).The self-built facilities water supply in schools is the emphasis of supervision in the future.
【CateGory Index】: R184;G527
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