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The Distribution Pattern of Occurring Places of Occupational Injuries to Workers of Coal Mines and Countermeasures.

Chen Guoyuan, et al. Insititute of Occupational Medicine, Tongji Medical University, Wuhan, 430030  
Objective\ This study is to explore the rules and reasons of occurring place of the injure accidents in coal mines, in order to offer the scientific evidence for descending the injure accidents to the lowest limit. Methods\ A retrospective study on all injury accidents for ten years (1987.1.1~1996.12.31) was carried out in three coal mines of Pingding Shan. Place distribution of injure accidents was analysed for every mine. In the same time we analysed the injure degrees, reasons and occupational sorts associated with it. Results\ The results showed that the annual average number of the workers in the three mines was 19 949, and the 1 463 occupational injures were founded. The places where the injures occured were mainly work surfaces under mine, machine tunnels and ventilation tunnels. The reasons were most improper operations, ignoring safety, tumbling, suddenness, and the occupational sorts were most diggers and miners working underground. Conclusion\ The places where the injuries occurred were mainly working surfaces under mine, machine tunnels and ventilation tunnels etc,. It is necessary to adopt a comprehensive approach to decrease injure accidents.
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