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《Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology》 2011-01
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Color Doppler flow imaging combining with contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in diagnosis of nutcracker syndrome

ZHANG Yan,MU Nan-nan,WANG Hui,DONG Lei(Department of Ultrasound,General Hospital of Jinan Command PLA,Jinan 250031,China)  
Objective To analyze the clinical application of color Doppler flow imaging(CDFI) and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in diagnosis of nutcracker syndrome(NCS).Methods Totally 80 patients clinically suspected as NCS underwent CDFI(patient group),of which 17 patients were inspected with contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.And we choosed 40 cases of healthy to be control group(P0.01).The angle(β) between superior mesenteric artery(SMA) and abdominal aorta(AO),the interior diameter(Db,Da) of compression(b) and the proximal expansion(a) section of left renal vein(LRV),as well as the flow velocity Va and Vb were measured.Da/Db and Vb/Va were calculated.Results ①There were 40 NCS diagnosised with CDFI in patient group,of which 15 were diagnos ed combining with contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.The angle β with horizontal supines was(28±11)° and(19±9)° with standing supines 20 min(P0.01).And it was(48±14)° and(37±12)° in control group(P0.05).There was significant differece in patient group compared with control group.②LRV was significantly compressed in horizontal supines and standing for 20 min at patient group,Da/Db and Vb/Va were statistically different in both position(all P0.001).The blood flow velocity at proximal expansion(a) reduced,while there was a colorful mosaic at b.The diameter and velocity of LRV were clearly showed with contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in vein phases.There was significant difference for Da/Db,Vb/Va compare with horizontal supines(all P0.001),but not significant difference compare with those of standing for 20 min(P0.05).It was not compressed in horizontal supines and standing for 20 min in control group.There were significant difference for Da/Db,Vb/Va in patient group compared with control group(P0.001).Conclusion NCS can be accurately diagnosed with CDFI combining with contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.
【CateGory Index】: R445.1
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