Analysis of perinatal birth defects monitoring results in Gansu province from 2001 to 2008
DING Xiu-qin,et al.(The People's Hospital of Zhangye,Gansu Province 734000)
Objective: To discuss the trend of birth defects incidence,species and changes in Gansu province,in order to provide evidence for preventive measure.Methods: According to Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Program and Maternal and child health surveillance program in Gansu Province,to monitor perinatal birth in 43 hospitals in Gansu province from 2001 to 2008.Results: (1) In 8 years,the birth defects average incidence is 11.043 per thousand,its trend began go up in 2004,but there is no statistical difference between every years.(2) And the birth defects average incidence no statistical difference between boys and girls (P 0.05) ;The pregnant motheres age distribution characterized with"two side high and middle low",the lowest incidence (5.9-9.7 per thousand ) is at 25-29 years age group,higher in country than in city (P 0.05).(3) In 8 years,most common birth defects were neural tube defects,congenital hydrocephalus,cleftlip,talipes equinovarus,limb shorten,polydactyly and congenital heart disease.Neural tube defects and congenital hydrocephalus were always in first there birth defects in Gansu province.Conclusion: Neural tube defects,congenital hydrocephalus,cleftlip are high incidence in all birth defects,which are result of genetic or environmental factors,or interaction of both.Prevention is preior to therapy.Aiming at high detection rate of birth defects,to establish effective administrative intervention and medical care meature.
【CateGory Index】： R714.7