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《The Journal of Traditional Chinese Orthopedics and Traumatology》 2015-01
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A comparative study of internal fixation with praevia versus superior reconstruction plate for treatment of middle clavicular fractures in adults

CAO Junshe;WANG Xing;CHEN Boliang;LI Jun;Baoji Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine;  
Objective: To compare the clinical curative effects of praevia versus superior reconstruction plate internal fixation for treatment of middle clavicular fractures in adults. Methods: The medical records of 42 adult patients with middle clavicular fracture were analyzed retrospectively,twenty-three patients( praevia plate group) were treated with praevia reconstruction plate internal fixation,while the others( superior plate group) were treated with superior reconstruction plate internal fixation. The fractures located in left side for 28 patients and right for 14 patients. The operative time,blood loss,length of medial and lateral screws were compared between the 2 groups. The clinical curative effects were also evaluated between the 2 groups. Results: All of the patients in the 2 groups got primary healing in the operative incisions and all fractures united. The length of medial and lateral screws was longer in praevia plate group compared to superior plate group( 18. 20 +/- 1. 76 vs 16. 22 +/- 1. 20 mm,t = 2. 836,P = 0. 011; 21. 40 +/- 2. 84 vs 17. 78 +/- 0. 67 mm,t = 3. 370,P = 0. 002). There was no statistical difference in the operative time and blood loss between the 2 groups( 71. 50 + /- 6. 26 vs 73. 89 + /- 4. 86 m L,t = 0. 921,P =0. 370; 56. 50 + /- 4. 74 vs 53. 89 + /- 6. 01 min,t = 1. 057,P = 0. 305). Twenty-two patients obtained an excellent result and 1 good in praevia plate group,while 17 patients obtained an excellent result and 2 good in superior plate group. There was no statistical difference in the clinical curative effects between the 2 groups( Z =- 0. 765,P = 0. 445). Conclusion: There is no obvious difference in the operative time,blood loss and clinical curative effects between praevia and superior reconstruction plate internal fixation for treatment of adult middle clavicular fractures,while the screws used in praevia reconstruction plate internal fixation are longer than those of superior reconstruction plate internal fixation,suggesting that the former has much stronger pullout strength and better mechanical stability. However,the conclusion need to be verified by further biomechanical experiments.
【CateGory Index】: R687.3
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