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《Chinese Journal of Disinfection》 2007-01
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XU Jian-she,JIAO Ming-fei,WANG Shuang-lin,LI Xiao-xia,ZHONG Qi-ping (Basic Medical School,Tianjin Medical University,Tianjin 300070,China)  
Objective To study antimicrobial and fresh-maintaining effects of lemon extract.Method Paper disc method and diluting method were used to carry out laboratory observation on its bacteriostatic and antiviral effects.Results(1∶3200) dilute solution of stock solution of lemon extract produced an inhibition zone of standard strain of Staphylococcus aureus with diameter of 18 mm,1∶10 dilute solution produced inhibition zone of Escherichia coli with diameter of 20 mm and 1:12800 dilute solution produced inhibition zone of 11 mm in diameter.The diameters of inhibition zones of drug-resistant strains of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella(producing β-lactamase) exposed to 1∶10 dilute solution of lemon extract were 30 mm and 20 mm respectively and those of Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae exposed to 1∶10 dilute solution of lemon extract were 17 mm and 14 mm respectively.Mixing 1∶12800 dilute solution of lemon extract and herpes simplex virus showed obvious antiviral efficacy.Conclusion Lemon extract has obvious inhibitory effect on bacteria and fungi and also strong inhibitory effect on the bacterial strain producing lactamase.1:12800 dilute solution of this extract has obvious antiviral effect on herpes simplex virus type 1.
【CateGory Index】: R187.2
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