Livelihood Transitions in the Qiangic Regions in West Sichuan since 1950s——Based on Ethnographic Investigations in Dongmenkou Village
Livelihood for specific human populations as a traditional realm for anthropological studies enjoys enormous academic vitality so far. In the context of ever-changing times since 1950 s, rapid change has happened to livelihood for village communities in ethnic regions in southwest China. Based on the fieldwork, underpinned with literature, this paper has sorted out the basic orbits of livelihood transformations in Dongmenkou Village. Given livelihood of this village in general, the subsisting part of which has been increasingly weakened; the marketing portion of which has been ramped up in the past 7 decades. From 1950 s to 1980 s, growing crops and raising domestic animals to ensure basic living needs has stayed as a main mode of living. From 1980 s to May 12 th 2008, growing vegetables in the fall to meet short supply, planting trees of economic value, and mining jade sands are geared toward marketing. Since the post-disaster reconstruction, Dongmenkou Village labeled ‘The Gateway of the Qiang People's Valley' has opened its door to tourists.This village's livelihood changes have vigorously shaped the overall look of the village-based communities and their future. Dongmenkou Village is largely an epitome of ethnic regions in southwest China. The future development of ethnic villages in southwest China may be inspired by the current ethnographic documents plus Dongmenkou Village in prospect.