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The Research on Wooden Arched Bridges and Traditional Villages' Environmental Image in East Fujian Province

ZHANG Guang-ying(Ningde Teachers College,Ningde,Fujian 352100)  
By taking Youxi Village which was the typical village with wooden arched bridges in East Fujian for example,it had discussed landforms,geology,soil,climate and vegetation in natural environment all of which could be perceived and village's cultural and historical background.Based on relevant research results in academic field,it had studied the relationship between wooden arched bridges and villages' environment at East Fujian,and further analyzed the relation of wooden arched bridges as traditional architectural heritages with village's living condition and village's history.On this basis,it has analyzed imaginability of natural environment in Youxi Village from the aspects of village's site and stream's trend,and imaginability of cultural environment by taking Wenming Bridge,Liren Bridge and Zhangkeng Bridge as the representations of ancient wooden arched bridges.It was considered that wooden arched bridge was the consolidation of natural environment and had been the recognizable image at villages of East Fujian,manifesting heavy cultural characteristic.
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