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Design and evaluation of an extended-release matrix tablet formulation; the combination of hypromellose acetate succinate and hydroxypropylcellulose

Sachiko Fukui;Hideki Yano;Shuichi Yada;Tsuyoshi Mikkaichi;Hidemi Minami;Formulation Technology Research Laboratories, Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd.;Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics Research Laboratories, Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd.;  
The purpose of this study was to develop an extended-release(ER) matrix tablet that shows robust dissolution properties able to account for the variability of pH and mechanical stress in the GI tract using a combination of enteric polymer and hydrophilic polymer. Hypromellose acetate succinate(HPMCAS) and hydroxypropylcellulose(HPC) were selected as ER polymers for the ER matrix tablet(HPMCAS/HPC ER matrix tablet). Oxycodone hydrochloride was employed as a model drug. Dissolution properties of the HPMCAS/HPC ER matrix tablets were evaluated and were not affected by the pH of the test medium or paddle rotating speed.In a USP apparatus 3(bio-relevant dissolution method), dissolution profiles of the HPMCAS/HPC ER matrix tablets containing oxycodone hydrochloride were similar to that of the reference product(OxyC ontin). Moreover, in vivo performance after oral administration of the HPMCAS/HPC ER matrix tablets to humans was simulated by GastroP lus based on dissolution profiles from the USP apparatus 3. The plasma concentration-time profile simulated was similar to that of the reference product. These results suggest that the combination of HPMCAS and HPC shows a robust dissolution profile against pH and paddle rotating speed and indicates the appropriate extended-release profile in humans.
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