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A SURVEY OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES IN KWEICHOW PROVINCE, INCLUDING A HERPETOFAUNAL ANALYSIS

HU SHU-CHIN DJAO ER-MIE (Szechwan Biological Sesearrch Institute)LIU CHENG-CEAO (Sseohwan Medical College)  
1. From May to August of 1963, a herpetological survey was carried out in various places in Kweichow province: Yinchiang (northeast), Leichan (southeast), Kweiyang and vicinity (central part), Anlung and Hsing-i (southwest) and Pachi and Lotien (south).2. 48 species and subspecies of amphibians (more than 4,700 specimens) belonging to 14 genera, 8 families and 2 orders were collected. 4 of the species collected have been found to be new speeies. They are Trituroides caudopunctatus Liu et Hu, sp. DOV., Megophrys spinatus Liu et Hu, sp. nov., Vibrissaphora leishanensis Liu et Hu, sp. nov. and Rana anlungensis Liu et Hu, sp. nov. 21 of the speeies have been found to be new records in Kweichow. A species of Tylototriton from Anlung and a species of Vibrissaphora from Yinchiang have not yet been identified.3. 76 species and subspecies of reptiles belonging to 36 genera, 11 families and 2 orders were collected. Among them Oligodon swinhonis tamdaoensis (Bourret) and Achalims ater Bourret are recorded from China for the first time. 59 of the speeies have hitherto not been known in Kweiehow. A species of Gekko has not yet beea identified.4. The taxonomic position of the following species is revised: Molge labiatum Unterstein, synonymized by Pope in 1931, is rectified as Pacllytriton brevipes labiatus (Unterstein). Japalura varcoae (Boulenger), erroneously synonymized by Pope as Japalura dymondi, is considered a valid speeies.5. All the new species presented in this report are described in detail in the Chinese text, with only brief accounts in English given below. Type specimens are preserved in the Herpetological Division of Szechwan Biological Research Institute, Chengtu.(1) Trituroides caudopunctatus Liu et Hu, sp. nov. (Plate II, fig. 5)HOLOTYPE: No. 63II0303, adult male; type locality: Fang-xiang, Lei-shan Hsien, Kweiehow, altitude 1,158 m; May 8, 1963; collected by Wu Kuan-fu and Giang Yao-ming.ALLOTYPE: No. 63II0314, adult female; collected with the holotype.PAEATYPES: 97 , 137 and eggs from Leishan, Kweiehow, altitude 860-1,800m; from April 24 to June 15, 1963.DIAGNOSIS: This new speeies is similar to Trituroides chinensis (Gray) in general body form and in the presence of granular warts on the skin, but differs from the latter in having: 1) the much longer snout; 2) the great flattened fingers and toes; 3) the purplish red rounded or elongated spots enclosed by black rings on the tail of the male.(2) Megophrys spinatus Liu et Hu, sp. nov. (Plate III, fig. 8) HOLOTYPE: No. 63II0615, adult male; type locality: Fang-xiang, Lei-shanHsien, Kweichow, altitude 1,100 m; June 2, 1963; collected by Wu Kuan-fu and Giang Yao-ming.ALLOTYPE : No. 63II0617, adult female ; collected with the holotype.PARATYPES: 17 , 1 and tadpoles collected from the same locality as that of the holotype, altitude 942- 1,800m; from May 8 to June 30, 1963.DIAGNOSIS: This new Megophrys closely resembles M. omeimontis Liu, but differs from the latter in having: 1) vomerine ridge very slender and not dilated at its posterior region; 2) scattered cone-shaped black nuptial spines on the first two fingers of the male; 3) toes with very conspicuous fringes and better developed webs (text fig. 3). M. omeimontis has: 1) vomerine ridge strongly developed at its posterior end as a large knob with tooth-like projections; 2) nuptial asperities in male, not spines; 3) toes without fringes or only slightly indicated and webbed only at the basal region or hardly shown.(3) Vibrissaphora leishanensis Liu et Hu, sp. nov. (Plate III, fig. 9-11) HOLOTYPE: No. 639000, adult male; type locality: Ge-tou of Pang-xiang, Lei-shan Hsien, Kweichow, altitude 1,100 m; October, 1963.PARATYPES: 1 and tadpoles of different stages collected from Leishan, altitude 880-1,800 m; from April 24 to June 28, 1963. In October of the same year, another 16 were collected from the same locality.DIAGNOSIS: This new species is closely related to Vibrissaphora sp. of Yaoshan, Kwangsi.1) The males of these two species have two strong black spines on each side of the upper jaw. But all the males of Vibri
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