THE OBSERVATION OF TIME BUDGETS OF CAPTIVE GREEN PEAFOWL (PAVO MUTICUS)
YANG XIAO JUN,YANG LAN (Kunming Institute of Zoology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming. Yunnan 650223)
The time budgets of one pair adult captive Green peafowl were studied from March 1994 to February 1995 at the Kunming Institute of Zoology. The daily and annual time expenditure of activities of the captive Green Peafowl showed significant differences. The courting display activity occurred more from November to May than the rest of the year. The resting frequency was higher from December to January than from May to July, while the frequencies of walking, preening and feeding were lower from December to January than from May to July. Analysis of variance also showed that time budgets of resting, preening, courting display in different months were significantly different(P 0. 05 ). The displaying behavior occurred more from 9: 00 to 16: 00. Walking, preening , feeding occurred all day, but they had two peaks. Different behaviors had different peak time: walking occurred from 9: 00 to 11: 00 and from 18 : 00 to 20: 00, preening occurred from 7:00 to 11:00 and from 16 :00 to 18 :00, feeding occurred from 9:00 to 14: 00 and from 17 : 00 to 19 : 00. Besides, walking and preening frequencies were a little higher from 14:00 to 15 t00 than other time. Percentages of daily time budget were: resting 59. 53%, preening 18. 11 %, walking 15. 11 %, displaying 3. 63%, feeding 3. 28%, and others (including calling, attacking, drinking, dusting) 0. 35%. Analysis of variance showed that time spending for resting, preening, displaying and walking in different season were significantly different (P 0. 05), but the frequency of feeding showed no seasonal difference. The time spending on walking, feeding and display showed significant sexual difference (P 0. 05),but no singificant differences presented between male and female for resting and preening.