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Recognition and Construction of Urbanity:Research on Urban Design Method of Shrinking City

WANG Gang ;LI Li ;SHAN Xiaogang ;SUI Jieli ;WANG Jun;  
Urban shrinking is one of the challenges facing China's new urbanization. How to promote the structural adjustment, function optimization, efficiency improvement, and smart shrinkage of shrinking cities is a proposition that urban and rural planning scholars urgently need to study. This article introduces the concept of "urbanity", traces the origin of the city, and expands the main line of the whole research. Through the combing of Chinese and foreign documents, a comprehensive view of urbanity is extracted. Research on the path and method of shrinking urban urban design from seven aspects: identification and judgment of urbanity, research on the characteristics of the city, scale reduction and structural adjustment, functional optimization and diversity design, setting up city anchors,building development momentum, perfecting human social networks. The construction of urbanity is actually a kind of "system" and "structure adjustment" thinking, establishing a new urban organizational structure, building urban tension, restoring urban vitality, alleviating urban problems, and resisting urban decline.
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