Evolution of Criticism on Fu of Tang Dynasty in Yuan and Ming Dynasties:A Perspective of Viewpoints that Rhymed Fu was not Fu and There was no Fu Works in Tang Dynasty
YAO Kui;School of Literature,Guizhou Normal University;
The evaluation of Fu in Tang Dynasty is an important topic in the history of Chinese Fu. Literati in Tang and Song dynasties regarded Fu as a “literary skill of no high order”; those in the Yuan Dynasty believed that “rhymed Fu was not Fu”; and those in the Ming Dynasty even asserted that “there was no Fu in the Tang Dynasty”. Affected by the historical background and cultural environment, aesthetics of Fu in the Yuan and Ming dynasties shifted from rhymed Fu to ancient Fu by taking Chu Ci and Han Fu as the standards. In the Yuan Dynasty, “ancient Fu” was tested in the imperial examination, and was thought as the model in the literary world. Chen Yizeng summarized that rhymed Fu was not Fu. In the Ming Dynasty, guided by the tendency towards idolizing the ancients, literati advocated that works must follow those in Qin and Han dynasties. Accordingly, Li Mengyang proposed that there is no Fu works in the Tang Dynsty and advocated taking Chu Ci and Han Fu as the models.