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Survey on Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

Yang Wei, Li Qiqiang (School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China)  
Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a new optimization technique originating from artificial life and evolutionary computation. The algorithm completes the optimization through following the personal best solution of each particle and the global best value of the whole swarm. PSO can be implemented with ease and few parameters need to be tuned. It has been successfully applied in many areas. In this paper, the basic principles of PSO are introduced at length, and various improvements and applications of PSO are also presented. Finally, some future research directions about PSO are proposed.
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