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The Rise and Development of Ancient Roman Villa Studies in the West

WANG He;School of History and Culture, Harbin Normal University;  
Villa is an important economic system and social and cultural phenomenon in Roman society, which reflects the production and life style and values of the Roman people. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, with the development of archaeological activities at Pompeii and other sites, the study of Roman Villa began to rise in the West. The early study of Roman Villa relied heavily on traditional archaeological evidence, which limited the depth and breadth of the study of Roman Villa. In the second half of the 20th century, Western scholars paid more attention to the economic, social and cultural functions of Villa, focusing on the investigation of the economic production activities of Villa, the role of Villa in the Romanization of the province, and the values of the Roman elite embodied by Villa. Since the beginning of the 21st century, great progress has been made in the study of Roman Villa. The research methods and perspectives have gradually diversified, and interdisciplinary research has become a general trend. The results of long-term comprehensive research on Roman Villa have begun to emerge.
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