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The Comment on Mao zedong's Theory and Practice of "the countryside encircling the cities"

HUANG Shao-qun LAI Hong(Teaching & Research Office,China Executive Leadership Academy,Jinggangshan,Jinggangshan343600,China)  
The formation of Mao zedong's strategic theory of "the countryside encircling the cities" is a complex and arduous innovative process.Opening up the revolutionary base of Jinggangshan is Mao's first practice of founding a rural revolutionary base.Also,posing the theory of " Red Political Power" and giving complete,systematic,and scientific connotation to the thought of " the armed independent regime of workers and peasants" opened the initial chapter of "rural center theory"."The countryside encircling the cities" theory confirmed the strategic decision of opening up great countryside revolutionary base during the marching into Gannan and Mingxi;strided the practical steps of establishing central revolutionary base.The publication of "against books-worship" established the ideological basis for "rural center theory".After the Gutian congress,the thinking acquaintances of establishing great rural revolutionary base are consolidated which had confirmed the precondition of "rural center theory".From then on,under the guidance of Mao's "rural center theory",the great central revolutionary bases had been successfully founded.
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