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Spatial Structure and Formation Mechanism of Entertainment Industry in Xi'an

WANG Yijie;XUE Dongqian;SONG Yongyong;MA Beibei;School of Geography and Tourism,Shaanxi Normal University;  
Studying the spatial distribution law and influencing factors of culture and entertainment industry in big cities is the scientific basis for understanding the spatial interaction and spatial organization of urban culture and entertainment industry and promoting its optimal distribution. Based on the Geo-information Tupu theory and using the POI data of entertainment enterprises and spatial vector data in Xi'an, this paper explores the generalized symmetric structure and scale hierarchical structure of urban culture and entertainment industry hotspots,and reveals the influencing factors of the formation of urban entertainment spatial structure by the means of kernel density analysis, hotspot detection and geographically weighted regression model. The results show that: 1) The culture and entertainment industry in Xi'an downtown areas is characterized by aggregated distribution,forms a spatial pattern of "the high density in the center and the south, the low density in the periphery and the north" and "multi-cores", and have obvious north-south axial distribution and potential southwest-northeast axial distribution in geographical space. The spatial distribution of subcategories of culture and entertainment industry is broadly in line with the overall spatial characteristics,but shows some specificity. The distribution pattern reflects the development degree, function difference and development vitality across different spaces within city. 2) Culture and entertainment industry in Xi'an has obvious spatial symmetric law and hierarchical order law. The largest-scale and larger-scale culture and entertainment industry form the characteristics of axial symmetry,rotational symmetry and translational symmetry in space,which horizontally reflect the overall and local structural morphology of urban space. While the hierarchical structure and inclusion relationship among hot zones of different grades vertically represent the hierarchical scale characteristics of the urban internal structure. 3) The formation of the spatial structure of culture and entertainment industry and its various formats in Xi'an reflect the city's development stage and regional characteristics. The formation of the spatial structure of culture and entertainment industry and its various formats is the interaction coupling result of the urban material space factors, socioeconomic factors and consumption stratification factors. Among them, urban material space factors are the important binding force, socioeconomic factors are the core driving force and consumption stratification factors are the critical force.
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