Transformation and Regression——On the Division and Coupling between Chinese Universities and Scientific Research Systems
LIU Chao;DAI Yu;College of Education,Zhejiang University;School of Education,Tianjin University;
Since the rise of classical German universities in the early 19 th century, scientific research has been widely regarded as one of the elemental components of high-level universities. In the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, China gradually introduced the German classical university and the American research university model, yet the scientific research system of the university was not initially formed and gradually institutionalized until 1927. Since then, scientific research in Chinese universities has rapidly reached a considerable quality and scale, and has become the axis of China's academic innovation system. In the great transformation after 1949, the Chinese academic system has also shifted from time to time. The focus of the scientific research system has gradually transferred to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which has brought on a series of profound impacts. By the 1980 s, the order of Chinese universities was gradually returning to normal, and the scientific research system was repaired and returned to the university system. The repeated circulation and evolution of scientific research focus reflects the profound changes in the ecology and structure of China's intellectual circles since modern times, reflects the structural transformation of China's academic innovation system, and condenses the continuous evolution of Chinese history and the Chinese nation's unremitting pursuit of Chinese-style modernization.