Faust Destroyed Margarete:An Interpretation of the Final Scene “Dungeon” in Goethe’s Faust Part Ⅰ
WU Jianguang;School of Foreign Languages, Tongji University;
The final scene “Dungeon” in Goethe's Faust Part I belongs to the second major episode “Faust destroys Margarete”(V.2605—4612), which has a causal relationship with the first major episode “Faust makes a blood-pact with Mephisto”(V.354—2604). Their way out and ending symbolize the divine and the devilish character respectively: Margarete was saved by God, and Faust followed the devil to practice a grander plan, exactly as when they met at the beginning of the plot, that Faust just came out of the “Witch's Kitchen” while Margarete out of the church(House of God). Their derivation and way out define the meaning of the drama text and development of the plot. Philological hermeneutics aims to reveal how the game and struggle between devilish Faust and divine Margarete are depicted in the “Dungeon” through the dialectical relationship between the overall structure and plots, and demonstrate that Faust Part I unfolds the dramatic conflict between “the being of the covenant with God” and “the being of the pact with devil”, until Margarete's physical destruction.