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The Composite Modular Alliance:The Biden Administration’s Alliance Strategy to Deal with Great Power Competition

LIU Guozhu;School of History, Zhejiang University;  
The alliance strategy is crucial in the post-war American foreign strategy, and is regarded by the US government as the source of the greatest wealth and power. Under the Trump administration's “America First” guidelines, the American alliance is traumatized to some extent, and the centrifugal force and the autonomy of its alliance partners have increased. Faced with the new situation of competition between China and the US in the new era, the Biden administration tries to update the American alliance strategy to adapt to the changing times. Since it is difficult to contain China through the traditional alliance system, the Biden administration has organized four alliance modules in terms of problem and field: geostrategy and security, science and technology, economy, and ideology. The new alliance system presents the characteristic of composite. However, the different perceptions of the common threat within the alliance, the lack of common interests among the allies in many aspects, and the complex alliance structure have all increased the difficulty of the alliance operation. To tackle the challenges posed by the Biden administration's alliance strategy, China should propose different solutions to the different alliances of the US.
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