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The Root Causes of Refugee Crisis in the Horn of Africa and Its Governance Dilemma

Zhang Mengying;Institute of West-Asian and African Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and China-Africa Institute;  
Africa's refugee crisis is a human tragedy,and the continent's biggest refugee issue exists in the Horn of Africa. Since the end of the Cold War,countries in the Horn of Africa have experienced persistent violent conflicts,terrorist and extremist activities,as well as continuous extreme climate disasters such as droughts,floods and locust invasions. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine Conflict have deteriorated the refugees' situation in the region, and the number of refugees and the displaced is increasing year-on-year. The unbalanced social and economic development,poverty and high inflation have severely restricted the peace and security building in the Horn of Africa and restrained the abilities of countries in the region to solve the refugee dilemma. There are still many challenges to deal with the dilemma of refugee governance at the international, regional and national levels.Countries in the Horn of Africa should push forward the Global Security Initiative,find“African Solutions to African Problems”,stay on the African Union's target to silence the guns by 2030,achieve a conflict-free region,and create a beautiful and peaceful home for all the people in the region.
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