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The Correlations between Parental Educational Level and Social Adaptation of Children Aged 5~6——A Moderated Mediation Model

LI Hongqian ;QIAN Zhiliang;  
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which the educational level of parents,and the verbal ability and gender of their children influenced the child's social adjustment.This study analysed data from 1,478 children aged between five to six from the National Standardized Database of Children's School Maturity.It found that the verbal ability and the social adjustment of young children fully mediated parental education level;a gender difference in the mediating role of verbal ability on the social adaptation path of 5~6-year-old children was observed,with boys experiencing only partial mediation while in girls the mediation was complete.The study suggests that parents note these differences and adapt their educational approach by recognizing differences in gender development.Parents should guide girls to construct a language systems consistent with their own personality and teach social adjustment through verbal communication;excessive expectations on boys should be avoided and boys benefit from learning by example and parental role modeling to improve their children's social adjustment skills.
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