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Cruising for Parking

Donald Shoup1,Geng Xue2,Zhu Yuehua3(1.University of California,Los Angeles,Los Angeles CA90095-1656,USA;2.China Academy of Urban Planning & Design,Beijing 100037,China;3.Beijing Municipal Institute of City Planning & Design,Beijing 100045,China)  
Cruising for on-street parking causes traffic congestion.This paper first points out that the combination of low prices for on-street parking and high prices for off-street parking increases the incentive for drivers to search for on-street parking spaces.Through a survey of cruising for parking in Los Angles,the author obtains aver-age cruising time and distance,as well as corresponding vehi-cle-miles traveled,waste of time,extra fuel consumption,and CO2 emissions.The author concludes that when the occupancy rate of on-street parking is about 85%,the demand and supply of parking are in balance and the price is just right.Taking the parking charges and revenue usage in Redwood City in California as an example,the paper discusses parking incre-ment finance.Finally,the paper em-phasizes that it is necessary to charge properly for on-street park-ing and spend the resulting revenue to improve local public services in order to reduce traffic congestion and greenhouse gas emissions,and improve neighborhoods.
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