Creation,Interdependence and Equality:Analysis of Knowledge Building Process of Online Learning
MU Su;CHEN Si;Brian Beatty;School of Information Technology in Education,South China Normal University;San Francisco State University;
Researchers of Knowledge Building think the process of knowledge building is not only a process of individual knowledge acquisition,but also a process of common knowledge development,idea creation and knowledge refinement. They stated 12 rules of knowledge building about idea,community and method. In order to figure out the character of knowledge building process about Hy Flex course,this research set dialog classification based on the knowledge building theory and analyzed the thread process on idea improvement,community knowledge and constructive use of authoritative sources. The process of research is listed in the six steps below: 1) Recode the process of online learning in each class of four Hy Flex courses including a video oftheteaching process,text of discussion in chat window and audio of rural dialogue. 2) According to the time sequence of each classes,trace all the conversation on dialogue initiator,dialogue accepter and dialogue type,then record those dates in an interactive matrix. 3) Calculate sum,distribution and percentage of five- kind dialogues,generate social interactive parameters,and visualized interactive pattern. 4)Do content analysis of the dialogue content based on the classification of dialogue. 5) Figure out how thestudent acted during Hy Flex online learning on idea improvement,exchange thought and opinion equally and fairly and constructively use of resource based on date from step 2 to 4. 6) Summarize the features of online learning in Hy Flex.Findings in this research include: a) learner in Hy Flex could take the learning collective responsibility during online learning process by the means of asking question and giving feedback or comment; b) dialogues among learners happened equally and showed open and equipotent patterns,so learning interdependently happened in community; c)all learners engaged in learning process actively and equally as in Degree and out Degree in social network analysis showed,and expressed and clarified their opinions and thoughts during thread and d) learners shared resource and used it based on their own idea,practice and experience while they made sense about the resource with other learners' comments and suggestions.