Influences of Prototype Landscape on People's Perceptions of Urban Plant Landscape
Gong Peng;Zhang Lüshui;Gu Xinren;College of Landscape and Art,Jiangxi Agricultural University;
【Objective】 " Prototype landscape" refers to the impressive scenes that one has experienced from childhood to adolescence living environment. It greatly affects the people' s perception of the landscape. In the past the research on urban plant landscape perception was rarely related to the " prototype landscape" level. The main purpose for this topic is to explore whether different " prototype landscape" types will have an impact on the urban plant landscape perception and to provide the relevant theoretical basis for the construction of urban plant landscape during the present urbanization.【Method】Prototype landscapes were divided into urban group,urban-rural interface group and rural group. A survey was carried out with standardized questionnaire in Nanchang where plant landscape of north subtropical plants is typical. 120 university students were invited from south China to evaluate 22 perception factors of 6 perception types in 5 differentlandscapes in the city,in order to compare preference values,variance of perception factors and correlation of perception types among different perceptions of the three prototype landscape groups.【Result】1) The average preference value of plant landscapes was positively correlated with the size of plant space,and the preference values of urban group were generally high. 2) There was significant differences in attractiveness between the urban group and the urban-rural interface group,and no significant differences between the rural group and others. There were significant differences between urban group and rural group in terms of comfortableness,vitality,tranquility and brightness of the landscapes; and there were significant differences between urban group and urban-rural interface group in mystery,familiarity,tranquility,spatial continuity and brightness. 3) There was no interaction between the impacts of gender and prototype landscape on preferences( Sig. = 0. 253); Based on the correlation coefficients,perception types influencing the plant landscape preferences of urban group were ranked in the following order: psychological feeling( r = 0. 672) plant colors( r =0. 566) the whole environment( r = 0. 473) plant space( r = 0. 462) plant morphology( r = 0. 414); those of the urban-rural interface group were in the rank: psychological feeling( r = 0. 821) the whole environment( r = 0. 636) plant colors( r = 0. 626) plant space( r = 0. 577) plant morphology( r = 0. 527); and those of the rural group were in the rank: psychological feeling( r = 0. 760) plant morphology( r = 0. 675) the whole environment( r = 0. 658) plant colors( r = 0. 619) plant space( r = 0. 579). 【Conclusion 】The urban-rural interface group was similar to the rural group in perception factors,and similar to the urban group in the impacts of perception types on their preferences,indicating that the plant landscape perception of the urban-rural interface group were affected by both urban and rural.