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Risk factors and Prevention of Canine Gastric Dilatation-volvulus

XUN Xin-guo(Nanjing Police Dog Institute of Ministry of Public Security,Nanjing Jiangsu 210012,China)  
Gastric dilatation-volvulus(GDV) is also known as "bloat","stomach torsion".GDV is an extremely serious condition,and should be considered as a life-threatening emergency when it occurs.It is the second leading killer for dogs besides cancer.24% bloat cases are caused by gastric dilation.But most cases(75%) are due to gastric volvulus,where the stomach actually twists,crimping and cutting off the inflow and outflow from the stomach.As the stomach swells,it may rotate 90° to 360°,twisting between its fixed attachments at the esophagus and at the duodenum.The bloated stomach obstructs veins in the abdomen,decreased return of blood to the heart,loss of blood supply,leading to low blood pressure,ischemia of the stomach,shock,and damage to internal organs.It is necessary to strengthen the supervision on breeding and management,effectively reduce forming and triggering conditions of GDV risk factors,strengthen on early warning and identifying of the GDV risk factors,as well as immediately treatment.bloat dilation;stomach torsion;risk factor;death
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